What is Sjögren's syndrome? >>
Sjögren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease that can affect many different parts of the body, but most often affects the tear and saliva glands. Patients with this condition may notice irritation, a gritty feeling, or painful burning in the eyes. Dry mouth (or difficulty eating dry foods) and swelling of the glands around the face and neck are also common. Some patients experience dryness in the nasal passages, throat, vagina and skin. Swallowing difficulty and symptoms of acid reflux are also common.
“Primary” Sjögren's syndrome occurs in people with no other rheumatologic disease.
“Secondary” Sjögren's occurs in people who have another rheumatologic disease, most often systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Most of the complications of Sjögren's syndrome occur because of decreased tears and saliva.
Patients with dry eyes are at increased risk for infections around the eye and may have damage to the cornea.
Dry mouth may cause an increase in dental decay, gingivitis (gum inflammation), and oral yeast infections (thrush) that may cause pain and burning.
Some patients have episodes of painful swelling in the saliva glands around the face.
Complications in other parts of the body can occur.
Pain and stiffness in the joints with mild swelling may occur in some patients, even in those without rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Rashes on the arms and legs related to inflammation in small blood vessels (vasculitis) and inflammation in the lungs, liver, and kidney may occur rarely and be difficult to diagnose.
Numbness, tingling, and weakness also have been described in some patients.
Blood tests can determine the presence of antibodies (immune system proteins that help destroy foreign invaders) typical of the disease. Typical antibodies include anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-SSA and SSB antibodies, or rheumatoid factor. Biopsies of saliva glands around the face or under the surface of the inner lip also may be used to make a diagnosis.
Symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome were associated with breast implants in Dow Corning Settlement >>
Scientific research Sjögren's Syndrome >>